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Monday, June 10, 2024

Immediate Action Needed for the Worsening Conditions of Myanmarese Refugees in India

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Since the February 2021 coup d’état in Myanmar, India has become an increasingly important destination for refugees–particularly the northeastern states of Manipur and Mizoram. While the Indian government has condemned the violence in Myanmar, it has simultaneously ordered these states to identify “illegal immigrants” and initiate deportation proceedings. In Manipur, hundreds have been detained–often outside any judicial process–and authorities plan to open more detention facilities.

In an urgent appeal, the GDP and the Asia Pacific Refugee Rights Network, in collaboration with civil society partners in India, have called on the Special Rapporteur on the Situation of Human Rights in Myanmar, Working Group on Arbitrary Detention, Subcommittee on the Prevention of Torture, Special Rapporteur on the Human Rights of Migrants, and Special Rapporteur on Minority Issues, to immediately address this situation and to consider calling on India to:

  • Cease the arbitrary detention of all Myanmar nationals, including children
  • Stop the arbitrary criminalisation of immigration infractions
  • Consider adopting the 1951 Refugee Convention
  • Ensure that all detention sites meet international standards
  • Ensure that vulnerable groups are never placed in detention
  • Ensure that detention time limits are kept to a minimum and never become indefinite
  • Guarantee the right to access detention centres for independent institutions
  • Ensure the eradication of racial profiling and other discriminatory practices in migration control activities

FAQ

What is the situation of Myanmarese refugees in India?

The Myanmarese refugees in India, particularly in the states of Manipur and Mizoram, are facing worsening conditions, including arbitrary detention and the threat of deportation.

What actions are being called for to address the situation?

The call to action includes ceasing arbitrary detention, stopping the criminalization of immigration infractions, considering adopting the 1951 Refugee Convention, and ensuring international standards in detention sites.

Conclusion

The plight of Myanmarese refugees in India requires urgent attention and action from international human rights organizations and the Indian government. It is crucial to ensure the protection and rights of these vulnerable individuals and prevent any further escalation of their suffering.

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