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Wednesday, June 19, 2024

Epidemiological Bulletin for the WHO South-East Asia Region, 7th edition (2024), Issue Date: 3 April 2024 | Reporting period: 18 – 31 March

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Summary of Key Infectious Diseases Situation in WHO South-East Asia Region

This epidemiological bulletin provides an overview of key infectious diseases in the WHO South-East Asia region to inform risk assessments and responses. The bulletin will be published every two weeks using information from publicly available sources. Feedback or suggestions can be sent to [email protected].

Mumps Outbreak in India as of 30 March 2024

Cases of mumps have been increasing sharply in the state of Kerala, with a cumulative total of 18,158 cases reported since the beginning of 2024. The measles, mumps, and rubella (MMR) vaccine is not included in the Universal Immunization Programme (UIP) in India, with only the measles and rubella (MR) vaccine being used. Informal media articles have reported an increase in mumps cases in other states, including Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, Telangana, Himachal Pradesh, Delhi, and Rajasthan.

WHO Position on Mumps

Mumps is an acute disease caused by a paramyxovirus, affecting children and young adults. The virus is spread via direct contact or airborne droplets from infected individuals. While mumps is usually a mild and self-limiting illness, complications such as encephalitis, deafness, and orchitis can occur. Vaccination with a mumps-containing vaccine is the most effective way to prevent mumps.

WHO recommends the use of MMR vaccines for countries with established immunization programs and suggests integrating mumps control strategies with existing measles and rubella control and elimination efforts.

FAQs

1. What is mumps?

Mumps is an acute viral infection that primarily affects the salivary glands. It is easily spread through respiratory droplets and close contact.

2. How can mumps be prevented?

Mumps can be prevented through vaccination with the MMR (measles, mumps, rubella) vaccine, which provides immunity against mumps.

Conclusion

In conclusion, monitoring and responding to infectious disease outbreaks like mumps is crucial in preventing further spread and protecting public health. Vaccination remains a key strategy in controlling mumps and reducing associated complications.


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