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Friday, July 12, 2024

UN Committee urges India to halt racial discrimination against Rohingya, and to stop forced deportation and arbitrary detention

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UN Committee urges India to halt racial discrimination against Rohingya

UN Committee Calls on India to End Arbitrary Detention of Rohingya

On 2nd July 2024, the UN Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination (CERD) issued a statement urging India to stop the arbitrary detention of Rohingya refugees who fled from Myanmar. The Committee also called on India to refrain from forcibly deporting or returning the Rohingya to Myanmar, where they could face serious human rights violations.

Concerns Raised by the Committee

The Committee expressed alarm over reports of racist hate speech and harmful stereotypes against Rohingya in India, including by politicians and public figures. It called on the Indian government to condemn such acts and ensure they are thoroughly investigated and punished in line with international obligations under the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination.

The Committee further highlighted concerns about the arbitrary mass detention of Rohingya, including children, in poor conditions and without proper legal processes. It also raised issues around forced deportations and returns to Myanmar between 2018 and 2022, as well as the ongoing risk of deportation faced by Rohingya refugees in India.

Recommendations to India

CERD urged India to end the arbitrary mass detention of Rohingya refugees and only use immigration detention as a last resort and for the shortest possible period. The Committee called for detained Rohingya to be provided with legal representation and access to legal counsel. It also emphasized the importance of ensuring that living conditions in detention centers meet international standards.

Additionally, CERD called on India to eliminate racial discrimination against Rohingya and remove any restrictions preventing them from enjoying their rights without discrimination, especially in terms of access to employment, health, and education. The Committee recommended issuing long-term visas and other identity documents to Rohingya refugees.

Collaboration with Special Rapporteur

The Committee urged India to continue collaborating with the Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Myanmar and facilitate a country visit to India. CERD’s early warning and urgent action procedure aim to prevent conflicts and full-scale human rights violations under the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination.

FAQ

What is CERD?

CERD stands for the Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination. It monitors States parties’ adherence to the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination.

How can India address the concerns raised by the UN Committee?

India can address the concerns by ending arbitrary detention of Rohingya, eliminating racial discrimination, providing legal representation to detained refugees, and issuing long-term visas to Rohingya refugees.

Can the public play a role in supporting Rohingya refugees in India?

Yes, the public can raise awareness about the issues faced by Rohingya refugees, advocate for their rights, and support organizations working to protect their rights and provide assistance.

Conclusion

The UN Committee’s call for India to halt racial discrimination against Rohingya, end arbitrary detention, and refrain from forced deportations is crucial in ensuring the protection of the rights and well-being of Rohingya refugees in India. By following the recommendations provided by CERD and collaborating with relevant stakeholders, India can work towards upholding human rights and combating racial discrimination.


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