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Tuesday, July 9, 2024

Expanding Climate Adaptation Technology for a Equitable Shift

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The Impact of Climate Change on Vulnerable Communities

The summer of 2024 has seen record-breaking heat waves, underscoring the harsh realities of a warming planet. In India, over 100 lives have been lost due to heat-related illnesses, with more than 40,000 cases of heatstroke reported. These extreme weather events further burden the poor and vulnerable, exacerbating the social and economic toll of disasters.

‘A Just Transition’ in Climate Adaptation

While the risks of climate change are global, adaptation efforts must be tailored to local contexts. India’s emphasis on ‘a just transition’ in climate change adaptation, as highlighted in the National Adaptation Communication to the UNFCCC, is a step in the right direction. The country has significantly increased its adaptation finance, with expenditure reaching 5.6% of GDP in 2021-2022, up from 3.7% in 2015-16.

Bihar Case: Intersection of Poverty and Climate Risk

The state of Bihar in India faces the dual challenges of extreme weather events and high levels of multidimensional poverty. NITI Aayog’s reports highlight Bihar as having the highest proportion of multidimensionally poor people, with over 60% of districts classified as highly vulnerable. The impact of disasters on the poor is most pronounced in the eastern parts of India, where districts with the lowest MPI values coincide with flood-prone areas.

Multi-Pronged Adaptation Strategies

Effective adaptation strategies require a multi-faceted approach, including economic incentives, robust policies, and local interventions. Understanding the context of risk and vulnerability is crucial for targeted policy responses. Monitoring and mapping vulnerable communities can help drive a ‘just transition’ in adaptation policies.

Key Enablers: An Adaptation Technology Cluster

Adaptation technologies encompass science-intensive, engineering-based, and data science and risk analytics clusters. Customizing and scaling up these technologies in vulnerable contexts is essential for successful implementation. Platforms like ESCAP’s Risk and Resilience Portal offer tools to visualize and anticipate climate risks, enabling proactive actions.

Opportunity for Action: Operationalize Adaptation Technology Cluster

In India, adaptation technologies are being operationalized to support vulnerable communities. Programs like MNREGA allocate funds for adaptation priorities, such as water harvesting and flood control activities. Utilizing geo-tagging and satellite services enhances transparency and monitoring of assets created under such programs.


What is the impact of climate change on vulnerable communities?
Vulnerable communities are disproportionately affected by extreme weather events, leading to increased social and economic burdens.

How can adaptation strategies be more effective?
By implementing a multi-faceted approach that includes economic incentives, robust policies, and local interventions tailored to specific contexts.

What are some key enablers for successful adaptation?
Adaptation technologies encompassing science-intensive, engineering-based, and data science clusters play a crucial role. Platforms like ESCAP’s Risk and Resilience Portal offer valuable tools for proactive actions.


With the increasing impacts of climate change on vulnerable communities, the importance of expanding climate adaptation technology cannot be overstated. Through tailored adaptation strategies, multi-pronged approaches, and the utilization of key enablers such as adaptation technology clusters, there is an opportunity to create a more equitable shift towards climate resilience. By operationalizing these technologies and investing in innovation, countries like India can better support their most vulnerable populations in the face of climate challenges.

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