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Sunday, July 7, 2024

Assessment of Cyclone Remal Impact in West Bengal: Joint Rapid Needs Assessment (May 2024)

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EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

Severe Cyclonic Storm Remal hit West Bengal and Bangladesh in May 2024, causing significant damage to coastal regions. In West Bengal, several districts were severely affected, with infrastructure damage and loss of life. The state government evacuated thousands to shelters, but the cyclone still claimed lives and caused extensive property damage.

SECTORAL FINDINGS AND URGENT NEEDS

Food Nutrition and Livelihood

Cyclone Remal disrupted food security in West Bengal, affecting many households’ access to food. Market disruptions and financial constraints worsened the situation. Immediate actions include emergency food aid and market rehabilitation, with long-term strategies focusing on sustainable agriculture and policy development.

WASH

The cyclone impacted water and sanitation conditions, leaving many households without safe drinking water. Immediate and long-term interventions are needed to restore safe water access and sanitation facilities.

Education

The education sector was severely impacted, with many schools non-functional due to conversion into relief camps or physical damage. Immediate support is necessary to restore school functionality and address resource deficiencies.

Health

The cyclone affected health conditions, resulting in urgent medical needs. Immediate actions include treatment of diseases and mental health support, with mid and long-term strategies aiming to upgrade health infrastructure and promote community health.

Shelter

Housing was severely impacted, with many houses fully or partially damaged. Immediate shelter and financial assistance are required for reconstruction, alongside providing essential items like bedding and hygiene products.

Protection

The post-disaster assessment revealed significant protection concerns, including security access issues and domestic violence. Immediate interventions include awareness campaigns and deploying security personnel, while mid and long-term goals focus on developing protocols and advocating for policy reforms.

FAQ

Q: What are the immediate needs identified in the assessment?
A: The immediate needs include food aid, water access restoration, education support, healthcare services, shelter assistance, and protection interventions.

Q: What are the long-term strategies proposed for sustainable recovery?
A: The long-term strategies focus on sustainable agriculture, policy development, sanitation facilities improvement, health infrastructure upgrading, and community health promotion.

Conclusion

Overall, the aftermath of Cyclone Remal requires a multi-sectoral approach to address the urgent needs of the affected communities in West Bengal, emphasizing immediate relief, mid-term recovery efforts, and long-term resilience building.


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